Terrorist bombings and accidental explosions may lead to significant structural failure and human casualties. Due to the nature of glass, with relative weaker strength and brittle characteristics compared with other structural components, glass windows are most vulnerable especially when subjected to extreme loadings. For instance, in the 2004 Jakarta Indonesia terrorist bombing attack on Australian Embassy, almost all the windows were shattered in a radius of 500m despite no structural collapse. 9 casualties out of 150 injuries were claimed to be associated with glass shards.
This project is proposed to analyse and evaluate existing window structures, and to generate design method and criteria for better human and property protections. New mitigation methods are initiated to be developed.